Glossary

Here at Form and Face we understand that most people are unaware of the medical terms used in Plastic and Cosmetic surgery or in relation to the common procedure of BREAST AUGMENTATION. Below we hope to help you understand these surgeries a little more.

Areola

The pigmented or darker coloured area of the skin surrounding the nipple of the breast. Click here to read more.

Asymmetry

Lack of proportion of shape, size, and/ position between the two breasts.

Atrophy

Thinning or diminishing of tissues or muscle.

Axillary

Referring to the armpit area.

Breast Mass

A lump in the breast.

Breast Reconstruction

A surgical procedure to replace breast tissue that has been removed due to cancer or trauma or that has failed to develop properly due to severe breast abnormality.

Capsular Contracture

A tightening of the tissue capsule surrounding an implant, resulting in firmness or hardening of the breast and in squeezing of the implant if severe. Capsular contracture has a grading system.

  1. Normally Soft and natural appearance
  2. A little firm, but the breast looks normal
  3. More firm than normal, looks abnormal. Possible shape change.
  4. Hard , obvious distortion and tenderness with pain

Capsule

Scar tissue which forms around the breast implant. Sometimes this capsule squeezes the implant, resulting in capsular contracture.

Capsulectomy

Surgical removal of the scar tissue capsule around the implant.

Congenital Abnormality

An abnormal development in part of the body, present in some form since birth.

Displacement

Movement of the implant from the usual or proper place.

BDD or Body Dysmorphic Disorder

A psychological condition characterized by an obsession with minor or an imagined physical flaw to the point that it can interfere with normal functioning.

Dual Plane

Placement of a breast implant partially underneath the pectoral muscle and partially in front of the muscle.

Fibrous Tissues

Connective tissues composed mostly of fibres.

Granuloma

A lump or mass made of inflammatory cells surrounding a foreign substance due to longstanding inflammation.

Hematoma

A collection of blood within a space.

Hypertrophic/keloid Scarring

An enlarged scar remaining after the healing of a wound. Possibly raised, dark in appearance and lumpy.

Inflammation

The response of the body to infection, injury or trauma that is usually either red, swollen, warm, painful, or reduced movement.

Inframammary fold/incision

The crease at the base of the breast. The incision is made in the fold of the bottom of the breast.

Mammary

Referring to the breast.

Mammoplasty

Surgery of or to the breast.

Mastitis

Inflammation of the breast. Usually very painful with medication to help reduce symptoms.

Mastopexy

Plastic surgery of or to the breast to lift sagging, droopy,deflated breasts higher.

Palpability

The ability to feel the implant.

Palpate

To feel with the hand.

Pectoralis

Major muscle in the chest.

Periareolar incision

Incision around the darkened or pigmented area surrounding the nipple of the breast.

Ptosis

Breast sagging that is usually the result of normal aging, pregnancy, or weight loss.

Rupture (implant)

A tear or hole in the implant shell.

Seroma

A build up of watery portion of the blood in a tissue location

Subglandular Placement

Placement of a breast implant underneath and within the breast glands but on top of the chest muscle.

Submuscular Placement

Placement of a breast implant underneath the chest muscle.

Transaxillary

Through the armpit. The incision to be made through the armpit.

We hope this has been helpful in understanding the most commonly used terms of Breast Surgery.